Capital: Kuala Lumpur.
Geographer. Kuala Lumpur coordinates: latitude – 3o7 ′, longitude – 101o32 ′, height above sea level – 27 m.
Malaysia is located in the heart of Southeast Asia. The South China Sea divides the country into two parts: the continental western part and East Malaysia (the north-western part of Cape Borneo). In the north it borders with Thailand, in the south with Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia. The total area of Malaysia – 330,4 thousand square meters. km The largest islands are Langkawi (with the capital Kuah) and Penang (with the capital George Town). They are located off the northwest coast of Malaysia.
The climate of Malaysia is equatorial, hot and humid. The average temperatures during the year are + 25-27 ° C. Precipitations are between 1500 and 2000 mm per year. On the west coast of Malaysia (Langkawi Islands, Penang, Pangkor), the rainy season is not pronounced and occurs in May – September; on the east coast (islands of Tioman, Redang) a pronounced rainy season lasts from October to March.
The terrain is strongly intersected and predominantly mountainous, near the coast – lowland. The highest point of Malaysia is Mount Kinabalu (4101 m), topped with a snow-covered tree. Evergreen tropical forests occupy 3/4 of the country. Vegetation is abundant here. These are all kinds of palm trees, pandanuses, bamboo, creepers, tropical fruits. From representatives of the fauna, you can see orangutans, tapirs, Malay bears, wyverr, hornbills, gavials, snakes (including the king cobra), swallows of the celadang, whose nests (from saliva) are a famous delicacy.
The population of Malaysia is 20.2 million people (1998). Of these, 14.6 million people live in the Malaysian peninsula, the remaining 3.3 million live in the states of Sabah and Sarawak. Malays and other indigenous nationalities – 59% (according to the constitution, have special rights), Chinese – 32.1%, people from South Asia – 8.2%.
The official language, Malay, is used in all public institutions. Chinese, Mandarin, Hakka, Cantonese, Tamil and other dialects are also widespread. English is widely used in business and resorts, it is fluent in the local population.
Most Malaysians practice Islam, but Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Taoism are also common.
In circulation, the national monetary unit is Malaysian ringgit. In 1 ringgit 100 cents. There are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 ringgit banknotes in circulation. Major banks, hotels, shopping centers accept major credit cards. You can exchange currency at the official rate at any bank, airport, hotel and exchange office.
Duty-free can be imported to Malaysia: up to 1 l. strong alcoholic drinks, wine or liqueurs – up to 1 l., cigarettes – 200 pcs., or cigars – 50 pcs., or tobacco – 225 g., perfumes and cosmetics – for an amount not more than 200 ringgit, souvenirs for an amount not more than 200 ringgit. . The import of electronic, audio and video equipment is allowed for no more than 1 item per person. Allowed to export tobacco and alcohol, but in reasonable quantities. Prohibited the importation of: goods from Israel, pornographic publications, meat, mushrooms, seeds, primates, gold over 100 grams., Weapons of any kind, including toy, having a similarity to the military. Knives with a drop-out blade are treated as knives. With regard to the import-export and drug use, the law is very harsh – the death penalty. There are no restrictions on the import or export of foreign (except for the Israeli currency, it cannot be imported) and the local currency. Airport tax is 10 U $ D.
What to see / where to go
Malaysia is a country where there is absolutely everything! Kilometers of white beaches, resorts of the highest class, impassable jungles, picturesque high-mountain resorts, fishing villages, national parks and the richest underwater world. All this diversity makes even experienced travelers come here again and again.
Malaysia quickly mastered the advanced technology of mankind. On the territory of this paradise are two of the highest skyscrapers in the world (for example, Petronas Towers) and a huge number of “cyber” centers of computer companies. But, in spite of this, here you can still find places where a person’s foot has not literally gone. This, for example, one of the most unexplored jungle in the world in the states of Sabah and Sarawak. And here is one of the most famous old ports of Southeast Asia – Georgetown, where the atmosphere of colonial times is still preserved.The capital of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur (although translated from Malay as “dirty mouth”) is one of the most beautiful cities in Asia. In the center of the city is Independence Square with a fountain and a flagpole. Its height is 100 m and it is the highest in the world. The original buildings in the pseudo-Mauritanian style are located around the square: the railway station (1885), the former palace of Sultan Abdul Samad (1894 – 1897), etc. Not far from here are the Chinese quarters (China Town), which in the evenings attract with their noisy bazaars, as well as the “Bazaar of Arts” . In the vicinity of the capital you can see the most interesting karst caves with the Hindu temple “Batu Caves”.
If you get up early and arrive at the Petronas tower by 8.45, you will be able to go there for free: the first 800 visitors here are not charged for entry. However, do not choose to visit Monday – on this day the towers are closed.
In Kuala Lumpur, which, though completely built up with skyscrapers, you can still find exotic markets and feel the national flavor of the Malaysians. After a holiday in Malaysia, your baggage of impressions will increase at least three times. Want to check it out? Then go ahead! And not only in Kuala Lumpur.
A short voyage on the sea – and you are on the island of Langkawi, in the Cave of Legends, about which many legends are composed. The walls of the cave are dotted with ancient, not yet decoded letters. They are waiting for their finest hour to tell the world their secrets.
Here, on the island of Langkawi, there is a real crocodile farm! On an area of 20 acres, you will see more than 1000 crocodiles of different species in natural conditions, collected from around the world. Here you can witness an entertaining presentation with reptiles.
Another attraction of the island of Langkawi is the Underwater World. Once in the 15-meter glass tunnel, beyond the transparent walls of which daily underwater life is in full swing, you can see more than 5 thousand species of fish, mollusks, corals and other marine life. The spectacle is fascinating. It seems as if you are swimming with the inhabitants of this underwater kingdom.
Lovers of exoticism and thrill-seekers can be advised to visit the Serpent Temple on Penang Island. Here, on certain days according to the Chinese calendar, a great multitude of snakes slips, which fill each corner of it. On ordinary days you can also see several snakes coiled up on the altar. If you have the courage, then you can raise them, entwine them around the neck and hands, in order to capture this action in the sensational photographs.
But those who are seduced by insects, without fail need to see the Butterfly Park, which is also on the island of Penang. There are more than 5 thousand butterflies of various kinds in the park. In addition, you can see other species of insects: a huge beehive, live scorpions, tarantula, water dragons and giant centipedes.
Transport between major cities is regular. Comfortable buses in Malaysia are not uncommon. And travel in them is relatively inexpensive. But if you want to rent a car, you should remember that this can only be done under a number of conditions. You must be at least 23 years old, but not more than 60 years old. In addition, you must have an international driving license. If there are none, but only ours, we will have to take a special permit from the Ministry of Road Transport. So it is best to use a taxi, which in Malaysia is not so expensive. In Malaysia, right-hand traffic. The city is convenient to travel by taxi. Many hotels have free shuttle buses to the city center and back.
220-240 V, 50 Hz. In each department, you can ask for an adapter to the outlet.
In order to call from Malaysia, you need to dial the international code of Uzbekistan 998, city code and subscriber number. Telephone service in Malaysia works well. Currently, there is a transition from six-digit numbers to seven-digit ones. For local telephone calls, you can use pay phones with coin or card payments. Abroad you can call from a public telephone. Most hotels have a direct international telephone connection with a certain surcharge for services.
Shops / prices If you ask where to buy souvenirs and shop, we answer: “Everywhere!” Modern multi-storey shopping complexes, night bazaars, markets, fairs, special Saturday night bazaars, hawkers, craft workshops (where you can buy products) are at your service. directly from the master), duty-free shops. The list goes on and on. In short, there is no shortage of retail outlets. Trade here is day and night.
However, you should not shop where the local taxi driver takes you without a license: such a “guide” may well be an intermediary between you and the seller, and therefore receive a commission at your expense. It’s safer just to wander through the streets and choose the store yourself by examining the windows.Small shops in Malaysia are closed before large department stores. The first work until six in the evening, supermarkets – until 21.00. Traditional Malaysian souvenirs are products made of tin, batik, kites. Batik (hand-painted silk and cotton fabrics) and products from it (sarongs and shirts) are sold in many tourist centers. Batik, which are famous for Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, is not only an ancient craft and art, but also magic. Yes, yes, it is magic! Making batik has always been considered a form of meditation and an occupation through which perseverance, perseverance, diligence and patience are born in a person. A girl cannot marry until she makes a batik for a festive ceremony. Cloth of batik cover patients for healing.
Launching kites and tops is two very popular entertainments in Malaysia, and here there are skilled craftsmen who are well able to make both. Even if you are not fond of such activities, then get these beautifully decorated toys for decorative purposes. Large colorful kite – a great mural in your living room. It would be a seat on the plane and permission to export.
The best places to buy fruit are agricultural and night markets. Of the fruits, the following can be noted: bananas, papaya, rambutan, guava, chiku, coconut, durian, pineapple, mango, watermelon, mangosteen, pameto, jambu air, fruit star.
Usually in Malaysia tip is equal to 10 percent of the order value. Porters in hotels receive a coin worth 2 ringgits. Taxi drivers, as a rule, do not give tips.
Malaysia is an amazingly peaceful and stable country. Such amazing harmony is explained, first of all, by mutual respect and tolerance, which is characteristic of all nationalities, regardless of their culture, customs and lifestyle. Islam is the official religion, but the Constitution allows free worship, so you can simultaneously see mosques, Christian, Buddhist and Hindu temples. In order not to hurt the religious feelings of local residents, it is recommended to take off your shoes before visiting houses and temples. When visiting temples, you should wear modest clothing that covers hands and feet; transfer food only with your right hand. In some temples give out special shoes and scarves.
As for women, they should consider the following in advance. In Malaysia, ladies can wear anything that Western magazines advertise, but in mosques or in the “outback” they should appear in more conservative clothes. Shorts, short tops and miniskirts have yet to earn access to the Asian province.
Guests in Malaysia are usually offered drinks that are very rude to refuse.
Women are most often welcomed with a nod and a smile. A handshake is possible only if the woman herself extends her hand. The traditional salaam greeting (it sounds completely our way!) Looks like a not very strong handshake with both hands.
Never point an object or person with your index finger. In order to point to an object or person, you need to use not your index finger, but the thumb. The rest of the fingers are bent.
Never take food or pass anything with your left hand. Traditionally, in this country, it was used for hygienic purposes, and to give something to someone with your left hand means to fatally insult it.
The human head is considered sacred in Malaysia, and it is impossible to touch it. Therefore, in our tradition, do not try to stroke a Malaysian child on the head.
Malaysia is among the most developed countries in Southeast Asia and medicine is at a very high level. Water can be drunk directly from the tap. But it is still better to drink bottled mineral drinking water, which is sold in all stores. Over-the-counter medicines can be bought at pharmacies, as well as at grocery stores, hotels, and shopping centers. There is no need to vaccinate against cholera and smallpox before coming to the country. But preliminary vaccination against hepatitis A, B is recommended.
Malaysian cuisine is a true gastronomic treat. A variety of oriental gourmet cuisine (spicy Malay, exotic Chinese, Indian) is adjacent to European dishes, which are preferred by those who are conservative in their gastronomic passions. The food is unusually fresh and of high quality, with many sauces and side dishes. Most cafes and restaurants are a paradise for lovers of fresh sea delicacies. It is quite safe to buy fruits and sweets from the stalls on the streets, but … be sure to wash with boiled water!
Yes, the local cuisine is very attractive for gourmets. But it should be noted that Malaysia also differs in a variety of opportunities to be filled. And the range of these opportunities is extremely large – from the strict fashionable restaurants with attentive waiters to ordinary roadside eateries and stalls with food.You should definitely eat at these hawkers. This will give a visual representation of the traditional local homemade dishes. The most scrupulous tourist in terms of cleanliness can be sure of the absolute safety of this food.
In general, the Malaysian cuisine is nutritious and spicy. Its main component is white steamed rice (naxi), to which seafood, meat and chickens are added. The composition of many dishes include coconuts. Their juice is used as a beverage, and the grated pulp is squeezed to obtain coconut milk (Santan). It gives the dish a special taste and a certain texture. The most famous dish of Malay cuisine is saté. It is a piece of beef or chicken, fried over an open fire and seasoned with spicy peanut sauce. Sliced cucumbers, onions and ketupat (steamed and wrapped rice in coconut leaves) are served to this meat splendor. Delicious! Be sure to try!
Another dish that you need to taste is nasi padang. It is a solid portion of rice with various additives (fish, meat, vegetables) seasoned with curry. Supplements everyone chooses at their discretion. A dish, like our pilaf, can be eaten with hands, although lately it has been eaten with spoons and forks.
Other typical Malay dishes include: gado gado (lightly steamed salad with fresh vegetables); Laksa (spicy fish noodle soup); mi rebus (boiled vermicelli) and mi siam (Thai noodles); tahu goreng (fried soy flour cubes with soybean sprouts, crushed in a peanut with spicy seasoning). Enjoy your meal!
On the trip, you may need medications for gastrointestinal disorders, since taking local spicy foods may cause discomfort in people suffering from chronic gastrointestinal diseases. It is useful to take with sunscreen.