Square : 334.8 km2 Total population : 2.9mln ( 73% uzbeks , 18% russians , 5% tatarians and 4% other nationalities )
Code number : +998…….
Tashkent was influenced by the Sogdian and Turkic cultures in its early history, before Islam in the 8th century AD. Tashkent is the capital of and the most cosmopolitan city in Uzbekistan. It was noted for its treelined streets, numerous fountains, and pleasant parks, at least until the tree-cutting campaigns initiated in 2009 by the local government. The Tashkent Business district is a special district, established for the development of small, medium and large businesses in Uzbekistan.
Shaykhantokhur memorial complex
Hidden in the grounds of Tashkent’s new Islamic University, north of Navoi’s museum and street, are 3 mausoleums dating back to the 15th century.
Of the 16 monuments of the Shaihantaur burial complex only 3 remain intact – the others fell prey to earthquakes and short-sighted Soviet planning. They are the only survivors of a Muslim complex of mosques and madrassahs founded in the 14th century with the burial of local saint Sheikh Khovandi Tahur (popularly Sheikhantaur).Guarded by residential blocks, it’s a sweet, spiritual, quiet place.
Kukeldash Madrasah. Dating back to the reign of Abdullah Khan II (1557–1598) it is currently being restored by the provincial Religious Board of Mawarannahr Moslems. There is talk of making it into a museum, but it is currently being used as a madrassah.
Chorsu Bazaar, located near the Kukeldash Madrassa. This huge open air bazaar is the center of the old town of Tashkent. Everything imaginable is for sale.Telyashayakh Mosque (Khast Imam Mosque). It Contains the Uthman Qur’an, considered to be the oldest extant Qur’an in the world. Dating from 655 and stained with the blood of murdered caliph, Uthman, it was brought by Timur to Samarkand, seized by the Russians as a war trophy and taken to Saint Petersburg. It was returned to Uzbekistan in 1924.Yunus Khan Mausoleum. It is a group of three 15th-century mausoleums, restored in the 19th century. The biggest is the grave of Yunus Khan, grandfather of Mughal Empirefounder Babur.Palace of Prince Romanov. During the 19th century Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich, a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia was banished to Tashkent for some shady deals involving the Russian Crown Jewels. His palace still survives in the centre of the city. Once a museum, it has been appropriated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre, built by the same architect who designed Lenin’s Tomb in Moscow, Aleksey Shchusev, with Japanese prisoner of war labor in World War II. It hosts Russian ballet and opera.Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan. It contains a major collection of art from the pre-Russian period, including Sogdianmurals, Buddhist statues and Zoroastrianart, along with a more modern collection of 19th and 20th century applied art, such as suzani embroidered hangings. Of more interest is the large collection of paintings “borrowed” from the Hermitage by Grand Duke Romanov to decorate his palace in exile in Tashkent, and never returned. Behind the museum is a small park, containing the neglected graves of the Bolsheviks who died in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and to Osipov’s treachery in 1919, along with first Uzbekistani President Yuldosh Akhunbabayev.
Museum of Applied Arts. Housed in a traditional house originally commissioned for a wealthy tsarist diplomat, the house itself is the main attraction, rather than its collection of 19th and 20th century applied arts.State Museum of History of Uzbekistan the largest museum in the city. It is housed in the ex-Lenin Museum.
Amir Timur Museum, housed in a building with brilliant blue dome and ornate interior. It houses exhibits of Timur and of President Islam Karimov. The gardens outside contain a statue of Timur on horseback, surrounded by some of the nicest gardens and fountains in the city.Navoi Literary Museum, commemorating Uzbekistan’s adopted literary hero, Alisher Navoi, with replica manuscripts, Islamic calligraphy and 15th century miniature paintings.
The Russian Orthodox church in Amir Temur Square, built in 1898, was demolished in 2009. The building had not been allowed to be used for religious purposes since the 1920s due to the antireligious campaign conducted across the former Soviet Union by the Bolshevik (communist) government in Moscow. During the Soviet period the building was used for different non-religious purposes; after independence it was a bank.
The Tashkent Television Tower (Uzbek: Toshkent Teleminorasi) is a 375-metre-high (1,230 ft) tower, located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and is the 11th tallest tower in the world. Construction started in 1978 and it began operation 6 years later, on 15 January 1985. It was the 3rd tallest tower in the world from 1985 to 1991. Moreover, the decision of construction Tashkent Tower or TV-Tower of Uzbekistan was decided in 1971 in 1 September in order to spread the TV and radio signals to all over the Uzbekistan. It is of a vertical cantilever structure, and is constructed out of steel. Its architectural design is a product of the Terxiev, Tsarucov & Semashko firm.