Turkey is one of the most famous and popular resorts throughout the Mediterranean, which, in turn, is also called the “tourist capital of Turkey” and even the Turkish Riviera .

Capital – Ankara

Largest city – Istanbul

Official languages – Turkish

Area: • Total 783,356 km2 ;     Population: • 2018 estimate  82,003,882

Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman (which was itself a continuation of both GrecoRoman and Islamic cultures) and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today. This mix originally began as a result of the encounter of Turks and their culture with those of the peoples who were in their path during their migration from Central Asia to the West.[441][442] Turkish culture is a product of efforts to be a “modern” Western state, while maintaining traditional religious and historical values.

Ancient monuments include the City Walls, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian’s Gate (also known as Triple Gate), and the Clock Tower.Hadrian’s Gate: constructed in the 2nd century by the Romans in honor of the Emperor Hadrian.İskele Mosque: A 19th-century Mosque near the marina.Karatay Medrese: A Medrese (Islamic theological seminary) built in 1250 by Emir Celaleddin Karatay.Kesik Minare (Broken Minaret) Mosque: Once a Roman temple then converted to a Byzantine Panayia church and finally into a mosque.Tekeli Mehmet Paşa Mosque: An 18th-century Mosque built in honor of Tekeli Mehmet Paşa.Yat Limanı: the harbour dating to Roman era.Yivli Minare (Fluted Minaret) Mosque: Built by the Seljuks and decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles. This minaret eventually became the symbol of the city