Turkey is one of the most famous and popular resorts throughout the Mediterranean, which, in turn, is also called the “tourist capital of Turkey” and even the Turkish Riviera .
Capital – Ankara
Largest city – Istanbul
Official languages – Turkish
Area: • Total 783,356 km2 ; Population: • 2018 estimate 82,003,882
Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman (which was itself a continuation of both GrecoRoman and Islamic cultures) and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today. This mix originally began as a result of the encounter of Turks and their culture with those of the peoples who were in their path during their migration from Central Asia to the West. Turkish culture is a product of efforts to be a “modern” Western state, while maintaining traditional religious and historical values.
Ancient monuments include the City Walls, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian’s Gate (also known as Triple Gate), and the Clock Tower.Hadrian’s Gate: constructed in the 2nd century by the Romans in honor of the Emperor Hadrian.İskele Mosque: A 19th-century Mosque near the marina.Karatay Medrese: A Medrese (Islamic theological seminary) built in 1250 by Emir Celaleddin Karatay.Kesik Minare (Broken Minaret) Mosque: Once a Roman temple then converted to a Byzantine Panayia church and finally into a mosque.Tekeli Mehmet Paşa Mosque: An 18th-century Mosque built in honor of Tekeli Mehmet Paşa.Yat Limanı: the harbour dating to Roman era.Yivli Minare (Fluted Minaret) Mosque: Built by the Seljuks and decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles. This minaret eventually became the symbol of the city